A Woman's Guide to Fertility and Pregnancy - Thyroid and Infertility Treatment in Females

Treatment of thyroid (hypothyroidism) with levothyroxine usually restores a normal menstrual pattern, reverses hormonal alterations, and improves fertility. Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can make getting pregnant difficult. This is because thyroid hormone issues can throw off the balance of the hormones that promote ovulation. Hypothyroidism can also lead your body to produce more prolactin, the hormone that instructs it to produce breastfeeding. Ovulation can be affected by too much prolactin.

Treating infertility caused by thyroid disease(hypothyroidism ) or in which a thyroid problem is a contributing factor entails using medicine to bring thyroid hormone levels back into a normal range. 18 This could help men increase the quality and quantity of their sperm.

Normalizing thyroid hormone levels in women can aid in the correction of menstruation or ovarian issues that may be causing infertility. Thyroid hormone levels must also be optimal for conception, infertility therapies like IVF to be successful, and for a pregnancy to be viable.

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Are you suffering from Thyroid? Here's How It Increases The Chances Of Infertility

According to specialists, the thyroid puts a person at a higher risk of infertility. Here’s all you need to know about the connection between thyroid and infertility. Every couple wishes healthy children to love, provide for, and establish their relationship. However, even after years of trying, many couples are unable to conceive.

Dr. Usha Thakkar says that your thyroid issues might affect your fertility. Thyroid disease affects one out of every 10 Indians, so you should be aware of the symptoms to look for and how to improve your thyroid status before raising a family.

How does Thyroid(Hypothyroidism) affect my fertility and my baby if I become pregnant?

  • Thyroid(Hypothyroidism) can prevent the release of the egg from the ovary (ovulation).
  • Typically, for women who have periods (menstruate) each month, an egg is released from the ovary each month. But women who have hypothyroidism may release an eggless frequently or not at all.
  • Thyroid (Hypothyroidism) can also interfere with the development of an embryo (fertilized egg). This increases the risk of miscarriage.
  • Also, if you are pregnant and your hypothyroidism is not treated, your baby may be born prematurely (before the predicted due date), weigh less than normal, and have lowered mental capacity.
  • It is very important for patients to have their thyroid hormones checked and receive appropriate treatment if they wish to have a baby or are already pregnant.

During pregnancy, treated Thyroid can lead to the following complications:

  • Birth before the due date (birth of the baby before 39 to 40 weeks, or full-term).
  • Preeclampsia is a dangerous condition that develops after the 20th week of pregnancy. High blood pressure and difficulties with the kidneys and other organs are symptoms of preeclampsia.
  • Preeclampsia can only be cured by giving delivery.
  • Thyroid crisis (sudden, severe worsening of symptoms).
  • A fast heart rate in a newborn might lead to heart failure, poor weight gain, or enlarged thyroid which makes breathing difficult.
  • The birth weight is too low (smaller than 5 pounds).
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